Who Am I?

Zack Davisson  is a translator, writer, and scholar of Japanese folklore and ghosts. He is the author of the The Ghost of Oyuki and the  upcoming Yurei: The Japanese Ghost from Chin Music Press, the translator of Mizuki Shigeru’s Showa 1926-1939: A History of Japan and a translator and contributor to Kitaro for Drawn & Quarterly,  and a researcher and on-screen talent for National Geographic’s TV special Japan: Lost Souls of Okinawa.

Biography

Zack_Davisson_Aki_Matsuri

Zack was born on August 15th, a date that didn’t have much other significance until he lived in Japan and discovered that he shared the day with Obon, the annual Japanese Festival of the Dead. Every year on his birthday the country transformed into a spectacle of lanterns and tradition, as all work was put aside to welcome the millions of ancestor spirits who made the trip back from anoyo to the welcoming arms of their living families, where they were fed and honored.

With an undergraduate degree in Fine Art from Cornish College of the Arts, Zack was aware of Japan’s tradition of ghost imagery and saw a connection between the Edo period figures and the modern j-horror image of Japanese ghosts.  Pursuing his Master’s Degree with the University of Sheffield in Japanese studies,  Zack delved deeper into the subject and learned to put a name to the mysterious white-robed figure; a yūrei.

Writing his Master’s thesis on yūrei, Zack took this new knowledge and published articles on yūrei and other folklore topics in nationally circulated magazines such as Japanzine and Kansai Time-Out.  Other freelance writing work included writing for the Osaka City Guide and working as a consultant for Osaka University where he created articles for student use, worked as a translator and contributed to textbooks.

Retuning from Japan after seven years, Zack now lives in Seattle, WA with his wife Miyuki.

Works

Zack_Davisson_Mizuki_Shigeru_Translator

TV Appearances

Zack_Davisson_NatGeo

Interviews

Articles

Some of Zack’s articles:

Zack also traveled through Egypt during the 2011 Revolution.  You can see his travel blog at:

Facebook and Twitter

Like Hyakumonogatari Kaidankai on Facebook for more updates and posts

Hyakumonogatari Kaidankai

Follow Zack Davisson on Twitter, where he also translates Mizuki Shigeru’s Twitter posts:

@zackdavisson

Conventions, Media Contact, and Consultant Information

Zack Davisson Sakura Con

To contact Zack Davisson:   zack.davisson@gmail.com

Zack Davisson is interested in sharing his passion and knowledge of Japanese kaidan and folklore.  He has worked as a consultant and contributor on projects ranging from television series, role playing games, and comic books to college courses and museum exhibitions. He is a trained public speaker who leads  panels on yurei, yokai, Mizuki Shigeru, and other Japanese folklore.

He recently consulted on the Japanese film series for the Henry Art Museum, contributed a piece on Mizuki Shigeru and Yokai to an exhibition for the Wereldmuseum Rotterdam and gave a panel titled Yurei:The Japanese Ghost at SakuraCon 2013. His funa yurei translation was performed as a puppet play for Drexel University, and other translations have been used in graduate programs for Central Michigan University and University of Maryland and he consulted  for the São Paulo State University in Brazil on a lecture comparing Japanese and Brazilian ghosts.

Current projects included being a yokai advisor for the video game Kodama, advising Tony Harris on his upcoming comic Roundeye: For Love , and a consultant for Brandon Seiffert on his comic Supernatural Geographic, both from Image Comics.

If you have a project that you think he might be interested in or questions about Japanese ghosts and monsters, please send him an email!

What’s that Yokai?

If you have a yokai or Japanese ghost story you would like identified, Zack is happy to help if he can. Many of the best hyakumonogatari.com posts come from reader questions.

Send your question to  Zack Davisson:   zack.davisson@gmail.com

Or stop by Obake Forums and post your question.

67 Comments (+add yours?)

  1. Michelle
    Sep 29, 2010 @ 23:40:29

    BTW, お盆 is on 8/15 only in certain areas.
    I know that from being an 8/15 birthday myself, too.(笑)

    Reply

  2. Zack Davisson
    Sep 30, 2010 @ 00:02:16

    Is your birthday August 15th as well! Wow!

    And yes, I know that the date of Obon changes depending on where you lived. I lived in Nara, which has a beautiful candle festival on the 15th to celebrate Obon.

    Reply

  3. Michelle
    Oct 03, 2010 @ 15:59:03

    Yep, but in my case, the first reaction was a… poor one so after that my birthday was anywhere from Aug 05-10. Just NOT 8/15 – the day the Japanese were forced to surrender to the Americans in WW2.
    o.o

    Reply

  4. Trackback: Fun Link Friday: Translated Japanese Ghost Stories « What can I do with a B.A. in Japanese Studies?
  5. Shu Jun
    Aug 10, 2011 @ 03:32:49

    Fantastic website! I totally enjoyed reading the stories you translated!

    I have been very very curious about the meaning behind the symbolism present in the cursed video in The Ring. I do hope you will be able to enlighten me!

    Reply

    • Zack Davisson
      Aug 11, 2011 @ 11:04:04

      Thank you! Glad you enjoy my website!

      The cursed video in the Ring doesn’t have much symbolism related to Japanese folklore, actually. Most of the imagery is Ring-specific, dealing with scenes from Sadako’s life, her mother, and Ryuji Takayama. The part where there is a lot of Japanese language floating around is a newspaper article where Sadako’s mother, Shizuko Yamamura, predicted the eruption of Mount Mihara. The scene with the people crawling on the ground is, I believe, people dying in that eruption.

      Sadako herself is an amalgam of folklore and real life. The ghost rising from the well comes from the legend of Bancho Sarayashiki and the ghost of Okiku, and Sadako’s face, especially the droopy eye, comes from Yotsuya Kaidan and the ghost of Oiwa. In real life, she is based off of a psychic named Sadako Takahashi, who was said to be able to project images onto undeveloped film.

      Reply

      • Saira
        Oct 30, 2013 @ 21:12:21

        That’s great! I’ve heard conflicting stories surrounding Sadako Sasaki as well. Which was uber sad to consider. I’m glad to hear this version.

      • Zack Davisson
        Oct 31, 2013 @ 14:04:22

        Definitely no relation to Sadako Sasaki, the girl from Hiroshima who folded 1,000 cranes! They just happen to share the same name. That would be like connecting “Jason” from “Friday the 13th” to … any other person named Jason, really. Anyone making a connection there really doesn’t know what they are talking about.

  6. Shu Jun Tan
    Sep 01, 2011 @ 09:39:53

    WOW OMG THANKS FOR THE INFORMATION!!!

    Reply

  7. Ana
    Sep 12, 2011 @ 15:00:10

    Thanks for translating and sharing these fantastic stories with us Zack :)

    Reply

  8. D. Kiyono
    Sep 27, 2011 @ 12:45:18

    Hi,

    Just came across your site by chance.

    I grew up in Japan (in the ’60s) and always loved the kaidan I came across as I meandered around the country. It’s great to see your scholarly love of the creatures I searched for in bamboo groves and hatake as a kid.

    The stories I collected and retold still inspire my sumi-e hobby; Finding your site has certainly been the highlight of my week!

    Thanks!

    Reply

    • Zack Davisson
      Sep 27, 2011 @ 13:55:28

      Glad you found the site! I fell in love with kaidan in Japan myself. Just walking around town I saw strange monsters everywhere. Or when talking to someone about an old shrine or temple, there was always an old story that could be told. I wanted to know more about it, so that is how my studies began.

      Reply

  9. mark schumacher
    Oct 08, 2011 @ 06:53:13

    Dear Zack. Wonderful job on your web site. I’ve been researching TANUKI, and came across your translations, which you mention are from the Edo no Kimyo no Hyakumonogatari 江戸の奇妙の百物語. Strangely, I can find no reference to this work anywhere, in Japanese or in English. Could you kindly let me know the official name and publish date of the document? By the way, I myself am an old Tanuki, and in my spare time write the A-to-Z Photo Dictionary of Japanese Buddhist Statuary……….I’m planning on introducing your translations, but I first wanna find the document you refer to……thanks……..mark

    Reply

    • Zack Davisson
      Oct 08, 2011 @ 14:34:44

      Hey Mark,

      I have to say, you just made my day. Your website was a HUGE influence on me when I first started researching Japanese folklore. I first started writing about this doing a column for a local JET newsletter, and onmarkproductions was a well I dipped into many, many times for information. I hope someday my little website hear can be 1/100th as cool as yours is!

      So, gushing fan aside, the reason you couldn’t find the book is that I got the name wrong, I am embarassed to say! I was going by memory on the title, and my memory was apparently a bit faulty. I just pulled it off of my shelf, and the title is Edo Tokyo Kaii Hyakumonogatari “江戸東京怪異百物語.” It is a book I picked up in a bookstore in Osaka. They had a whole series, and I regret not picking up the others. Not that I have the corrected title I will have to go back and edit those old postings!

      I would be honored if you included my translations on your site!

      Thanks again for the comment!

      Reply

  10. mark schumacher
    Oct 09, 2011 @ 02:25:23

    Hey Again Zack-sama

    I’ve not published my story on Tanuki yet, but have added the following two references:

    1. Davisson, Zack. Translated Japanese Ghost Stories and Tales of the Weird and the Strange. His web site, Hyakumonogatari, includes various Tanuki stories translated from the Zusetsu Edo Tōkyō Kaii Hyaku Monogatari 図説江戸東京怪異百物語 (see entry in Primary Sources).

    2. Zusetsu Edo Tōkyō Kaii Hyaku Monogatari 図説江戸東京怪異百物語 (100 Strange Tales of Edo Tokyo), an illustrated Japanese text by Kōichi Yumoto 湯本豪一; published 2007 by Kawade Shobō Shinsha 河出書房新社 (Tokyo). A collection of Edo-era tales and Meiji-era newspaper stories about strange and mysterious happenings. For English translations of five Tanuki tales from this work, see Zack Davisson’s Hyakumonogatari.

    Not sure if I will include any “full” translation from your site, but I will probably include small bits — as always, you will by cited.

    sincerely
    mark

    PS. thank you for the kind and encouraging words about my site.

    Reply

  11. rina
    Feb 01, 2012 @ 13:26:11

    Hi Zack! I have been reading the amazing stories for awhile now and I love it! I love how you detail and translate the stories.i too love ghost stories and Japanese ghost stories are just amazing to say the least! They are original.the paintings are beautiful.this is my favorite site.im learning the words on ghosts.please keep up the great work!

    Reply

  12. Christina
    Feb 05, 2012 @ 17:54:52

    Thank you for creating this wonderful, informative blog! I’ve been following you for a little while now and really enjoy your posts, and have recommended you to my readers over at my kimono/Japanese traditions blog. :) Keep up the good work and thanks again!

    Reply

  13. Stuart
    Feb 17, 2012 @ 10:46:57

    Hi Zack,

    Great site! I have recently become very interested in traditional Japanese ghost stories and would really like to compose a piece of music based on one for university. Do you have any stories about the Umibozu? I find them very interesting, but so far haven’t found much info on the web…

    Thanks

    Stuart

    Reply

  14. Stuart
    Feb 19, 2012 @ 09:58:10

    Hi Zack,

    That would be brilliant if you could! It seem to be very hard to find information on them. I got from wikipedia that they are said the be drowned monks, but there must be a story behind that! Any translations would be very welcome.

    Thanks

    Stuart

    Reply

  15. Zack Davisson
    Feb 21, 2012 @ 21:13:15

    Woof! There was a lot more about umi bozu than I had thought! That was an interesting project to research. Hope you enjoy it!

    Reply

  16. Anonymous
    Apr 22, 2012 @ 21:24:45

    Zack,
    Thank goodness i found this site! I’ve been scouring the internet for information describing some of the creatures i had found depicted in “Gazu Hyakki Yagyō”. Behold I have found a plethora of just that. PLEASE keep up the good work, you are certainly bookmarked on my computer!

    Reply

  17. NG
    May 05, 2012 @ 09:16:33

    Dear Zack,
    I just want to thank you for your AWESOME site! I’m doing a short essay for my Japanese Art class focused on Yōkai depicted in Ukiyo-e, and so I came across this great site.
    Keep up the good work! :)

    Reply

  18. Trackback: 5 places to find strange and scary Japanese ghost stories « Takeshita Demons: Cristy Burne
  19. Lore
    Jun 15, 2012 @ 10:52:29

    Your site is wonderful, any plans of translating tales by Izumi Kyoka ? I have read what is currently translated and hope someone as capable as yourself is planning more.The story “Sea Demons” in the 2nd vol. of Kaiki
    was a treat, I agree with your review posted on Amazon. The 3rd vol. of Kaiki is printing and the publisher is hoping for a release end of June.
    Thank You!

    Reply

  20. Zack Davisson
    Jun 18, 2012 @ 11:04:20

    Thanks Lore! I also love Izumi Kyoka, and would love to translate some of his works. I don’t have any plans for that currently, as I am engaged on a long-term translation project, and Kyoka takes a certain amount of dedication. But should the opportunity arise, I would be there!

    Reply

  21. Fiona
    Aug 17, 2012 @ 04:01:12

    Hi Rick,

    Many thanks for developing this website – your love for Japanese legend certainly shines through! I came across the site while researching a detail for one of my stories – and very usefully, your postings on kodama give an extra dimension to the “Sotouba Komachi”, which also informs part of my story. (I will of course credit your site as and when the book that includes this story is published)

    Do you also make translations from English to Japanese?

    Thanks again for the site – I will certainly bookmark it!

    Reply

  22. Zack Davisson
    Aug 18, 2012 @ 12:51:40

    I can do translations from English to Japanese, but not nearly as fluently. I need a native speaker to check them over for akward phrases and such …

    And let me know when you story is published! I would love to read it.

    Reply

  23. M J Steel
    Oct 21, 2012 @ 12:14:55

    Thanks for your kind comments on my own website. I enjoyed yours as well. Looking forward to seeing what you think of the rest of my series.

    Reply

  24. MonteCristo73
    Dec 03, 2012 @ 06:33:35

    Hello Zack, I’m montecristo73, owner of montecristo73returns, a channel on youtube that deals with Japanese ghost stories videos that I have entirely translated myself. I was led here by one of the viewers and really liked the page, so I thought of saying hi!

    Reply

  25. Maria Galvis
    Jan 08, 2013 @ 12:26:46

    Hello Zach, thank you so much for this website, it has helped me a lot. I was wondering if you could do Kuchisake onna? It is very well known but I can’t find a reliable source for the original story or the artwork from the Edo period. Thank you!

    Reply

  26. Zack Davisson
    Jan 08, 2013 @ 12:51:54

    Hey Maria!

    The reason you can’t find any stories or artwork of the Kuchisake onna from the Edo period is because it didn’t exist then. Kuchisake onna is a modern yokai–what we would now call an Urban Legend. The first reports of her are generally accepted to be from 1979. There have been some attempts to link her to older yokai, but they are all pretty much just made up.

    She wasn’t even considered a yokai until Mizuki Shigeru added her to one of his yokai compendiums, and then she was accepted into the official yokai pantheon.

    Reply

  27. Mark Schumacher
    Jan 08, 2013 @ 17:55:58

    About Kuchi-sake-onna. In “Pandemonium and Parade: Japanese Monsters and the Culture of Yōkai,” author Michael Dylan Foster explores the history of Kuchi-sake-onna on pages 182 to 203. I highly recommend this book.

    Reply

  28. lilituwind
    Jan 09, 2013 @ 08:52:00

    Is yuki onna on your list of articles?

    Reply

    • Zack Davisson
      Jan 13, 2013 @ 23:40:35

      Oh yes, definitely. I love the Yuki Onna. My wife’s name is Miyuki, which means Beautiful Snow, so I always tell her that she is a Yuki Onna in disquise.

      Reply

      • lilituwind
        Jan 28, 2013 @ 13:38:24

        One of my favorite myths as well! I like the name Miyuki, I think Yukiko is a cute name too. :)

  29. Amiya
    Jan 19, 2013 @ 09:44:23

    Dear Zack, your website had been an interesting and educational read. I like it very much and appreciate the time & effort you have invested in this site. I look forward to reading more and will visit on a regular basis. It’s nice seeing tradition and old folk-tales being preserved and made more accessible to others. :)

    Reply

  30. Zack Davisson
    Jan 21, 2013 @ 00:02:24

    Thanks! I do my best! I just wish I had time to do more.

    Reply

  31. Rafe
    Apr 05, 2013 @ 11:07:30

    I have seen that Miyuki can also mean ‘deep snow’.
    It is a very beautiful name.

    Reply

    • Zack Davisson
      Apr 13, 2013 @ 13:15:19

      The meaning of names all depend on the kanji used. You can have names that sound 100% identical, but have different meaning. That’s why when Japanese people introduce themselves they are often asked what kanji they use in their name. Just the sound doesn’t give you too many clues.

      Reply

  32. Asmael
    Apr 05, 2013 @ 12:01:36

    Excellent blog. Not familiar enough with Japanese yet to make my own translations, so this greatly helps!
    Are there any ghost specifically linked with the Island of Okinawa? My penpal was born there and I’d love to know something that might creep him out a tad. :D

    Reply

  33. Zack Davisson
    Apr 13, 2013 @ 13:14:05

    Okinawa has a huge tradition of ghosts and folklore. It’s actually pretty unique–because Okinawa was it’s own country for most of history, it developed its own ghost and folklore unique from the rest of Japan.

    Okinawa also has quite a few WWII-specific ghost stories, like the Suicide Cliffs and the haunted Kadena air force base. Those are interesting in that they are mainly reported by American military personnel and so follow the Western view of ghosts more than the Japanese.

    Reply

  34. Fred Lobb
    Oct 06, 2013 @ 23:35:55

    Hi, Zack
    wow, your amazing website has to be seen to be believed. Please keep it up! I could easily spend hours here.

    Now here’s a folklore query for you. On one of my trips to Japan, I visited the National Museum of Japanese History in Sakura, Chiba, a really neat museum full of terrific exhibits. I went to the hall where statues and images from folklore are displayed. There, I saw a tall, rotund human-like image apparently made of straw that very much reminded me of the old Michelin Man mascot or symbol. I didn’t take notes that day or pay much attention to the kanji. (Would it be a type of scarecrow or boundary marker?) I have always been curious about that eerie figure. I know this probably isn’t a ghost or yokai, but I figured if anyone knows what it is, it would probably be you. Do you have any idea? Sorry about the vagueness!

    Reply

  35. Dwight
    Oct 09, 2013 @ 20:21:32

    Possibly ohningyo-sama (お人形様); Tall straw and wood images that scare off evil spirits (I think primarily up north/Fukushima area?)

    Reply

  36. Fred Lobb
    Oct 09, 2013 @ 22:47:12

    Hi, Dwight
    thank you! I’ll check that out. Much obliged & best wishes to you.
    Fred

    Reply

  37. Zack Davisson
    Oct 10, 2013 @ 00:18:26

    There are a few versions of straw dolls used as fetishes / magical items in Japanese folklore. Probably the most famous are the dolls used for the Ushi no Koku Mairi

    http://hyakumonogatari.com/2013/01/03/ushi-no-koku-mairi-shrine-visit-at-the-hour-of-the-ox/

    But there are other less ominous dolls. Straw dolls used for the Hina Matsuri, for example. I’m not sure of any that resemble the Michelin Man. At first I was thinking of Haniwa, but those are teracotta, and not straw.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haniwa

    Or the Sarubobu, which are made of string

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sarubobo

    But the only ones that are really “Michelin Man” shaped are the mysterious Dogu. But again, those are clay, and not straw.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dog%C5%AB

    Hope that helps a little! If I had a picture or a kanji to go on, I could do better. I will keep checking around to see if I can find something.

    Reply

  38. Fred Lobb
    Oct 10, 2013 @ 00:38:17

    Thank you, Zack! I appreciate your kindness in taking the time to provide me with these details. Hope I didn’t trouble you too much. I’ll follow your leads and check further.
    Best wishes,
    Fred

    Reply

  39. Saira
    Oct 31, 2013 @ 15:12:21

    Ha Well I heard that from some college girls at Junshin Uni in Nagasaki. They were not very trust worthy sources. Because of her untimely death, they explained that she was the topic of a lot of horror/ghost stories when they were in grade school. They also said that Rilakkuma bear had a old man living inside it, and that’s why there is a zipper up the back. Also my Japanese was not so great to be sure I understood them 100%. Thanks again.

    Reply

  40. Annabel Lee
    Nov 16, 2013 @ 00:57:38

    Hi Zack,
    Thank you for creating and continuing this site! I came across it complet by accident while searching for images of yokai. I am an aspiring artist and am highly influenced by Asian art particularly from Japan. I will often research Japanese folklore& myths when I need ideas or inspiration. I especially love to research & learn about the diff. Yokai. Finding good sources on these topics can be difficult so I am excited to have come across your site! It seems as though it will provide much information to explore for ideas and expand my own knowledge on the subject quite a bit. Thanks again!

    Reply

  41. Zack Davisson
    Nov 16, 2013 @ 01:30:11

    Thanks! I’m glad you found the site. And I love your name. Annabel Lee is one of my favorite Edgar Allen Poe poems. Very cool.

    If you are interested in researching more yokai, check out the message boards http://obakeforums.com/ . That is a great resource as well for anyone interested in Japanese folklore.

    Reply

  42. Trackback: The History of Hausu | Hankblog
  43. cristyburne
    Feb 07, 2014 @ 18:10:33

    Hey Zack,

    I’ve nominated your blog for Liebster award. If you’d like to participate I have a list of questions on this page, but if not, please just take this as a compliment!
    http://cristyburne.com/2014/02/08/liebster-awards-discover-new-blogs/

    Cheers, and thanks for the great blog!
    Cristy

    Reply

  44. Trackback: Grief, Spirits, and Storytelling | Multo (Ghost)
  45. Anonymous
    Mar 05, 2014 @ 07:52:31

    Zack, this is awesome! I am on my way over to buy your book right now and am excited to share it with my daughter, who is currently taking Japanese language classes and LOVES all things history, unusual and cultural. I wish you great luck in your adventures! Karen (Daly)

    Reply

  46. Asmael
    Mar 27, 2014 @ 04:15:42

    Hey Zack,

    Following this website keeps being a blast for me. Really helpful stuff for my hobby-like research. I have one question though which might be a bit out-of-the-way, but I figured I could give it a shot: Is there any connection between Amatsu-Mikaboshi and some Yokai? As far as I know he is responsible for the “turn” of good emotion to bad ones (Iove to obsession, courage into foolishness and so on) and also in charge of the underworld, but does little to get escaped ghosts back there because of his contempt for humankind. Anything you can add to that?

    Reply

    • Zack Davisson
      Apr 06, 2014 @ 10:55:14

      Hi Asmael,

      Thanks for reading! I would say there is very little connection between Mikaboshi and Yokai. The mythology of the Nihon Shoki is what is known as State Shinto–an official mythology designed to justify the divine right to rule for the Yamato clan. Yokai are from Folk Shinto, which is the native collection of beliefs and customs that sprang up from the people of Japan. Even though in English we group them together as “Shinto,” that are connected in only the loosest sense.

      Mikaboshi’s reputation is also greatly exaggerated. Somehow he has been interpreted as some sort of “God of Evil,” but that is not at all the role he plays in Japanese mythology. In truth, he (it?) is barely mentioned in the Nihon Shoki. It is only video games like Okami and comic books that have transformed Mikaboshi into some sort of devil-figure.

      Reply

  47. Yunoka
    Apr 06, 2014 @ 20:54:07

    Just wanted to say I love your site! I’ve always been really into the supernatural of Japan & so finding this amazing site makes me so happy! I’m excited about being able to learn more here.

    On an off note; I have a friend who has been wondering about Japanese “witches”. I’m hoping you’ll know something as I’ve never come across any.

    Reply

    • Zack Davisson
      Apr 06, 2014 @ 21:00:16

      Japan doesn’t have “witches” in the Western sense. There is no “devil” in Japanese mythology, and not even a real concept of evil. That said, there are plenty of dangerous mountain women who work spells and cavort with monsters that would certainly fit the bill! The Yama Uba is the most famous. Or the Kijo. I haven’t done articles on either of these, but information can be found.

      Reply

      • Yunoka
        Apr 07, 2014 @ 00:22:01

        Thank you so much! I’d found the Yama Uba but never heard of the Kijo! They’ll be delighted when I tell them!

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